The dumbbell pullover exercise is commonly used to develop the latissimus dorsi and achieve an expanded rib cage look. Although the prime movers are the lats, the motion also draws recruitment from the chest, which makes it a great transitional movement from chest to your back if your training opposing muscle groups. While performing the pullover exercise, ensure that your hips stay below your torso to maximize the stretch and contraction of the lats.
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- Select an appropriately weighted dumbbell and position your upper back across the side of an exercise bench. With arms extended, hold the weight over your face and drop your hips slightly below your upper body.
- Inhale and in a gradual arcing movement, allow your arms to extend back until a full stretch is achieved. Hold position briefly.
- Exhale, apply force, and arc the weight up back to starting position.
- Repeat until desired number of repetitions are completed.
Replacing the stable bench with the instability of an exercise ball will trigger more stabilizer muscles to fire in order to maintain position. This is an advanced progression of the pullover exercise.